Location (IRAN - Alborz)


Ayaran Holding manages a series of specialized companies that are widely active in various fields such as export and import industry, foreign exchange and services, international law, global marketing consulting, immigration, etc. This international collection started in the field of trading in 2004. The accumulated capital resulting from diligent business activities of this group leads to dynamic growth and development in large business projects in the field of oil and gas industries and international trades all over the world. Today, Ayaran Holding has turned into a dynamic group that is expanding and progressing rapidly in the fields of marketing consulting, international trade, legal consulting, exchanging and foreign exchange services, immigration, oil projects, industrial gas and other business activities.


Leave the best consulting, management, marketing, internet marketing, e-commerce, etc. to us with peaceful mind.
Siam International Trading Company covers the best business services, import, export, custom clearance, transportation.
By providing a variety of honest, safe and hassle-free services. Make your profitable transactions around the world easy and safe with Seven Star.
This company covers oil and petrochemical trades, imports, exports and international trades of many products including: petrochemical products, etc.
We are at your service with several years of successful experience in obtaining study, work, marriage, family and permanent residency visas through investment, marriage, etc.
A law firm providing high-quality legal and criminal services in multiple languages (Persian, French, English and Arabic). Always consider yourself a winner with us.

Services We Provide

Cover these areas

International Marketing Consulting
Our international trade specialists can provide services from the beginning to the end. Let’s work together to “experience the right strategy in your business” with us.
Foreign Currency Exchange Services
Seven Star International Exchange, a leader and reliable provider of all foreign exchange and investment services, is proud to provide its services with the best quality. Seven Star is an integrated international payment processing technology and risk management solutions provider in Southeast Asia.
Immigration Services
A tourist visa, study, work or immigration, citizenship application, permanent residency card and even refugee support, to check your situation and free consultation, please share your request with our experienced team.
International Business & Trade
Siam International Trading Company specializes in exporting and importing guaranteed goods and products from Iran and Thailand to all parts of the world. Siam Trade, relying on its years of effective activities in Southeast Asian markets, can be the best offering of business services and your investments.
International Trade Oil and Gas Products
Siam International Oil Company provides services, a pioneer in the procurement, import, export and international trade of many products including: petrochemical products, gas condensate, liquefied gas, petroleum products, chemical solvents, refined palm oil, palm kernel shell and other goods.
International Law Firm
Siam International Law Institute can help and accompany you in various fields such as law, criminal and even accounting in the smallest to the largest case so that you always win.

What Is a Holding Company?

Holding companies enjoy the benefit of protection from losses. If a subsidiary company goes bankrupt, the holding company may experience a capital loss and a decline in net worth. However, the bankrupt company’s creditors cannot legally pursue the holding company for remuneration.

Consequently, as an asset protection strategy, a parent corporation might structure itself as a holding company, while creating subsidiaries for each of its business lines. For example, one subsidiary may own the parent corporation’s brand name and trademarks, while another subsidiary may own its real estate.

Holding companies are also relatively easy to create or change. This makes it easy to take advantage of geographical differences in taxation regimes: If a certain jurisdiction has high business taxes, the holding company can simply relocate to a more business-friendly environment while continuing operations in the original location.


There are some disadvantages to owning subsidiaries through a holding company. For investors and creditors, it may be difficult to find an accurate picture of the overall financial health of the holding company. It is also possible for unethical directors to hide their losses by moving debt among their subsidiaries.

Holding companies can also exploit their subsidiaries, by forcing them to appoint chosen directors or forcing the subsidiaries to buy products from one another at higher-than-market prices. They may also force subsidiaries to sell products to one another at below-market prices.

In some cases, holding companies can even force their subsidiaries to lay off a large section of the workforce or plunder their acquisitions for saleable assets. Known as vulture capitalism, these strategies can have the effect of inflating the holding company’s overall numbers at the expense of the subsidiary.

Types of Holding Companies

Holding companies fall into different categories, depending on their business operations. Some only exist to hold a single subsidiary, while others may be engaged in other business operations. The different types of holding companies are explained below:

  • Pure Holding Companies: A pure holding company is one that only exists as a vehicle for ownership of other firms. These companies do not participate in any other type of business.
  • Mixed Holding Company: A mixed holding company is one that has its own business operations, in addition to managing its subsidiaries. Another word for this is a holding-operating company.
  • Immediate: An immediate holding company is a company that owns other companies, but is itself owned by another entity. In short, these are holding companies that are owned by another holding company.
  • Intermediate: Similar to an immediate holding company, these are holding companies that are also subsidiaries of a larger corporation.

Joint venture (JV)

A joint venture (JV) is a business arrangement in which two or more parties agree to pool their resources for the purpose of accomplishing a specific task. This task can be a new project or any other business activity.


Each of the participants in a JV is responsible for profits, losses, and costs associated with it. However, the venture is its own entity, separate from the participants’ other business interests.

Although a JV is a partnership in the colloquial sense of the word, it can be formed using any legal structure: Corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and other business entities can all be employed.


Despite the fact that the purpose of a JV is typically for production or research, one can also be formed for a continuing purpose. JVs can combine large and small companies to take on one or several projects and deals.

Here are the four main reasons why companies form JVs.


– To Leverage Resources

A JV can take advantage of the combined resources of both companies to achieve the goal of the venture. One company might have a well-established manufacturing process, while the other company might have superior distribution channels.


– To Reduce Costs

By using economies of scale, both companies in the JV can leverage their production at a lower per-unit cost than they would separately. This is particularly appropriate with technology advances that are costly to implement. Other cost savings as a result of a JV can include sharing advertising or labor costs.


– To Combine Expertise

Two companies or parties forming a JV might each have different backgrounds, skill sets, or expertise. When these are combined through a JV, each company can benefit from the other’s talent.


– To Enter Foreign Markets

Another common use of JVs is to partner with a local business to enter a foreign market. A company that wants to expand its distribution network to new countries can enter into a JV agreement to supply products to a local business, thus benefiting from an already existing distribution network. Some countries have restrictions on foreigners entering their market, making a JV with a local entity almost the only way to do business in the country.

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Location (IRAN - Alborz)


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Ayaran Holding manages a series of specialized companies that are widely active in various fields such as export and import industries, foreign exchange and services, international law, global marketing consulting, immigration, etc. This international group started working in the field of trade in 2004 and started the path of progress from the very beginning. Today, Ayaran Holding has turned into a dynamic group that is rapidly expanding and progressing in the fields of marketing consulting, international trading, legal consulting, exchange and foreign exchange services, immigration, oil and industrial gas projects and other commercial and international activities in the world.

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