Location (Bangkok - Thailand)


law firm providing multi-lingual (Persian, French, English and Arabic) legal and paralegal services to clients internationally. The firm has extensive expertise in most areas of the law including intellectual property, high technology, business restructuring, corporations, employment, international trade, foreign investment, oil and gas, taxation, work permits, commercial litigation and arbitration.


Civil Cases

– Divorce: Divorce in the dissolution of marriage or the bonds of matrimony which usually entails the canceling of the legal responsibilities and duties of the married couple ruled under the Civil and Commercial Code.

– Torts: Tort law is a body of law that addresses and provides remedies for civil wrongs not arising out of contractual obligations

– Child Custody: child custody issue always arises when spouses having children are divorcing or when spouses decide to live separately.  Additionally, the child custody is often an issue for an unmarried couple who has children born out of marriage.

– Medical Malpractice: Law provides that claims for medical malpractice may be filed in courts. Such claims have their basis in law as liability for wrongful acts.

– Debt Collection: A loan of money contract is known as a “loan of consumption”, a contract whereby the lender transfers to the borrower the ownership of a certain quantity of property which is “consumed” by the borrower. The borrower, in return, agrees to return property “of the same kind, quality and quantity.” Note, such a contract only becomes complete upon delivery of the property.

– Mediation: Mediation, like Arbitration, can be conducted in both in court and out of court settings.

– Personal Injury Claims: Law provides that claims for compensation as a result of personal injury may be filed in the courts.

Criminal Cases

– Anti-Money Laundering: In the light of the proliferation of illegal activities involving large sums of money, Courts legislative body has implemented a comprehensive anti-money laundering law.

– Fraud: Fraud cases come under both civil and criminal complaints. However, when it comes to criminal cases, the complainants are required to provide a higher degree of proof to make their case stronger as compared to the proof that they might have to present in a civil suit. Fraud is used as an umbrella term and includes various sub-categories under the criminal system of Courts.

– Drugs: Provisions for drug-related offences are contained in a raft of laws variously defined in the Measure for Suppressing Narcotic Offenders as being ‘laws governing narcotics and laws governing active materials which have an active effect on the mind and the nerves.

– Extradition Requests: The Extradition now applies to all extradition proceedings. It must be noted that the Act is subject to the provisions of any treaties concerning extradition between the governments or any other international agency.

Labor Disputes

– Arbitration: Resort to court action is a common approach to dispute resolution in both the private and commercial sectors. With the influx of joint public and private investments, new businesses, and private property purchases, seen an inevitable rise in the volume of litigation. The additional strain on an already overburdened judicial system has meant that disputes can often take years to reach a conclusion.

– Labor Court: The labor sector is a dynamic segment in the economic structure. As businesses flourished, the workforce likewise increased in figures. Inevitable, the courts saw an escalation in the number of labor disputes.

Commercial Cases

– Trade Disputes: Foreigners, both natural or legal entities (juristic persons) may enter into contracts and establish contractual relationships with other nationals. The place where the obligations of the contract are to be discharged may be the country of residence of any such foreigner, and the employees of the parties carrying out the obligations may be mainly non-native who do not reside in country.

– Intellectual Property: Intellectual property rights are protected by the granting of patents and the registration of trademarks (including service marks, collective marks and certification marks). In addition, the law protects certain types of work as defined in the Copyright Act.


Three of the Oldest Written Laws

Code of Ur-Nammu
when most people talk about the first set of laws, they often point to the Hammurabi Babylon Codes, as this is what most of us were taught in school, But the lesser known Code of Ur-Nammu (c. 2100–2050 BCE) predates Hammurabi’s Code (1754 BCE). From Mesopotamia, Ur-Nammu’s codes were written in Sumerian and are the oldest known written laws.
This code of laws was very similar to Hammurabi’s, and be warned, they were brutal. Here are a few of them:
• If a man commits a murder, that man must be killed.
• If a man commits a robbery, he will be killed.
• If a man commits a kidnapping, he is to be imprisoned and pay 15 shekels of silver.
• If a slave marries a slave, and that slave is set free, he does not leave the household.
• If a slave marries a native (i.e. free) person, he/she is to hand the firstborn son over to his owner.
• If a man violates the right of another and deflowers the virgin wife of a young man, they shall kill that male.
• If the wife of a man followed after another man and he slept with her, they shall slay that woman, but that male shall be set free.
There are 32 codes in a total of the Code of Ur-Nammu.
The next oldest written set of laws known to us is the Code of Hammurabi. He was the king of Babylon between 1792 BC and 1758 BC. Hammurabi is said to have been handed these laws by Shamash, the God of Justice. The laws were carved on huge stone slabs and placed all over the city so that people would know about them. Judges were appointed to see that they were obeyed.

This is an example of the philosophy that influenced their law making: ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth’. Whatever was done to the victim, then the aggressor would be repaid in a similar fashion.
The most detailed legal code of any of the civilizations was that of the Romans. This was first drawn up in 450 BC by the magistrates and was called the Twelve Tables. All Roman citizens were expected to know the Twelve Tables, which included laws such as:

• When anyone makes a formal promise or sells a property, then according to law, his promise must be carried out.
• If anyone sings abusive songs about somebody else, he shall be put to death.
• If anyone breaks somebody else’s limb and does not apologize, then the other man can break the first man’s limb in return.
Whenever people had legal problems, they would ask for an opinion from the jurists who studied the laws. These opinions were written down and collected to form part of the law.
According to Roman law, people were considered to be innocent until proven guilty. Lawyers would present their case to a jury consisting of 32 men, who would decide on the punishment to be imposed. Over the centuries, many changes and additions were made to the laws as the Romans extended their rule to the countries they conquered. Eventually, a uniform legal code was introduced for the whole of the Roman Empire. This became the model for the first modern code of laws; many of our laws are based on those of ancient Rome.

Laws in Thailand

First of all, you should know that Conditions in prisons and other detention facilities in Thailand are harsh, with limited access to healthcare. There have been recent cases of detainees dying in custody. So, try to stay out of the jail. In many Western countries, it’s normal for people to make fun of, or criticize national figureheads, even royalty. Thailand, however, has extremely strict laws called lese-majeste, under which people can receive long prison sentences for insulting its monarchy. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy. This means it has a government, but its head of State is a royal figure. Do not become involved with drugs of any kind. You could face a long imprisonment if found in possession of cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, LSD, opium, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, ketamine, or magic mushrooms (among others). Possession of even very small quantities can lead to imprisonment. If you’re found guilty of being in possession of 20 grams of a Class A drug on exiting Thailand you risk receiving the death penalty. Amphetamines and ecstasy are regarded as Class A drugs and possession or trafficking carries the same penalty as heroin. It is illegal to import more than 200 cigarettes per person into Thailand. This is enforced at customs on arrival. Those who exceed the limit may be fined ten times the value of the items and face confiscation of the cigarettes. In Europe, the legal drinking age ranges from as young as 16 up to 18 years old, while in Australia, New Zealand, and parts of Canada it is 18. In Thailand, you have to be 20 years old to legally buy alcohol. This may surprise some readers, as many teenage tourists drink alcohol while partying in Thailand. No matter what other tourists tell you about the leniency regarding underage tourists and alcohol, the Thai law is the Thai law. And Thai police have publicly stated they’re cracking down on underage drinking more than ever since the Pandemic began. Same-sex relationships are not criminalised by law. Thailand has no legislation on same-sex marriage and same-sex marriages conducted elsewhere aren’t recognised. Those wishing to change their gender marker on official documents can do so from male to female or vice versa, provided that they have undergone, or attempted to undergo, gender reassignment surgery. Thailand does not recognise a third gender. Thailand is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). It’s illegal to buy, sell, kill or capture any protected wild animal or trade its parts without a licence and the ivory trade is banned. Thai authorities recommend tourists and foreign ex-pats carry their passports with them at all times while in Thailand. If you are comfortable doing that, then go ahead. Many tourists, however, are justifiably worried that constantly having their single most important document on their person greatly heightens the risk of it being lost or stolen. Especially for backpackers slowly traveling around Asia, the desire to remain in Thailand for several months can be strong. And the same way you may hear it’s easy to get away with smoking weed, underage drinking, or not carrying any evidence of your passport, fellow travelers may convince you that overstaying your Thai visa isn’t a big deal. “You’ll just get a small fine,” they may say. To an extent, they’re right. If you remain in Thailand beyond the date permitted on your visa, you’ll be fined 500 baht (USD $15) for each day you have overstayed up to a maximum of 20,000 baht ($600). It is a big mistake to extend pass your visa for two reasons. Firstly, if you are caught by the police while wandering around Thailand overstaying your visa (as opposed to at the airport as you depart), you can potentially face more serious penalties, including a ban from re-entering Thailand for a period of time. Secondly, if you overstay your Thai visa by between 90 days and one year, you face a one-year ban from re-entering Thailand and will find it more difficult to get Thai visas in the future. The penalties increase for overstays of more than one year (three-year ban), more than three years (five-year ban), and more than five years (10-year ban).

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Bangkok - Thailand


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CS Laws and Accounting
law firm providing multi-lingual (Persian, French, English and Arabic) legal and paralegal services to clients internationally. The firm has extensive expertise in most areas of the law including intellectual property, high technology, business restructuring, corporations, employment, international trade, foreign investment, oil and gas, taxation, work permits, commercial litigation and arbitration.

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